How was this miracle wrought? This question has been asked by Ballard and answered in this book. Ballard finds the answer in the warning words of Francisco Almeida, the first European Viceroy of the Indies to his sovereign Monoel I of Portugal.
"Let it be known to your majesty", he said, "that if you are strong in ships the commerce of the Indies is yours; and if you are not strong in ships little will avail you any fortress on land". As Manoel I did not pay heed to Almeidas advice, the Portuguese lost to the British.
Ballards book, as the title indicates, is about the history of the rulers of the Indian Ocean, for the supremacy in the Indian Ocean enabled the Europeans first to trade with the Middle East, India and far eastern countries; and secondly, to establish colonial governments in all these countries after fighting a series of victorious battles. Of the four European powers the Portuguese, the Dutch, the French and the English it is the British who ultimately became the lord of the Indian Ocean and hence practically of all Asian countries.
And the British, as we all know, were able to retain that supremacy for about two centuries. Ballard thus unfolds the prodigiously impressive drama of the rival European maritime dominion and especially of the British in the Indian Ocean, and as India was the most prized possession of the outcome of that drama, more than half of the book describes how the British exterminated, one by one, the Portuguese, the Dutch, and finally the French from the Indian ocean.
Ballard says that the dominion became possible because of the British maritime supremacy. Ballards book is an important contribution to the maritime history of the Middle East, Far East and India as much as it is a history of "two civilizations taking their stand on different elements in dealing with each other.
An Essential Read, This Fresh Edition Updated With A New Introduction Analyses The Transformation Of The Middle Class In The Decade Since 1997 And Seeks To Reconcile The Seemingly Dichotomous Aspects Of Our Economy And Polity(less)
The millenia-old texts and interpretations of Hindu, Buddhist, Jain, Muslim, agnostic, and atheistic Indian thought demonstrate, Sen reminds us, ancient and well-respected rules for conducting debates and disputations, and for appreciating not only the richness of India's diversity but its need for toleration. Though Westerners have often perceived India as a place of endless spirituality and unreasoning mysticism, he underlines its long tradition of skepticism and reasoning, not to mention its secular contributions to mathematics, astronomy, linguistics, medicine, and political economy(less)
Till just a few decades ago, much of the world was carved into empires. By the mid twentieth century independent countries had emerged from these, but even after years of political liberation, cultural freedom has eluded formerly colonized nations like India(less)
Whether it is a grand meal or an in-between snack that you want to surprise your guests with, this book offers an inspiring variety of tasty vegetarian dishes and irresistible desserts.Each mouth-watering recipe which is the result of years of experience and careful experimentation, is presented in a manner that is easy to understand and prepare.
You will find in this treasure of Indian cuisine, interesting new combinations of dishes and imaginative tips and ideas that add to the flavour.Try out the silky Khaman Dhokla, delicious Vegetable Samosa, delectable Undhiyo and Malai Kofta Curry, spicy Tamarind Rice and lip-smacking Khasta Kachori.
Round off the meal with a sizzling Malpua or Jalebi(less)
Introduction/V. Santaniello, R.
E. Evenson, D.
Zilberman and G.A.
Legal systems: 1. Patent and other private legal rights for biotechnology inventions (Intellectual Property Rights - IPR)/D.
2. Intellectual Property Rights of plant varieties and of biotechnology in the European union/V.
Intellectual Property Rights under the convention on biological diversity/W. Lesser.
4. An economic approach to identifying an 'Effective sui generis System' for plant variety protection under TRIPs/W.
Recent Intellectual Property Rights controversies and issues at the CGIAR/S.H.
Economic issues: 6. Economics of Intellectual Property Rights for agricultural technology/R.
7. The market value of farmers' rights/R.
International crop breeding in a world of proprietary technology/B.D.
Knowledge management and the economics of agricultural biotechnology/D. Zilberman, C.
Yarkin and A. Heiman.
10. Comparing allocation of resources in public and private research/S.
Biotechnology inventions: 11. Biotechnology inventions: what can we learn(less)
The Indian economy is already the fourth largest in terms of purchasing power parity. It is in the top ten overall GNP.
Yet at least 200 million Indians remain desperately poor. Illiteracy rates are high.
Communal violence is widespread; corruption endemic. Brides are still tortured and burnt for dowries; female infanticide is common.
The caste system has lost little of its power and none of its brutality. How are we to make sense of these apparently contradictory pictures of India today?(less)
Abdul Kalam and his close associate Y.S.
Rajan, we've only just begun. In a century that many experts predict may belong to India, the realization of the vision of a better future for everyone will require a keen understanding of our needs and this can only be achieved by tailoring our research and innovations to the goal of national development.
In The Scientific Indian, the authors of the path-breaking India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium return after ten years to the core areas of scientific advancement that are crucial today: space exploration, satellite technology, missile development, earth and ocean resources, the biosphere, food production, energy and water harvesting, health care and communications, to name a few(less)
Variously lyric, satiric, tragic and fantastic, they are unified in their vigour and humanity. TThe anthology features a rich assortment of voices from both new authors and established names including Abraham Verghese, Manju Kapur, Githa Hariharan and Amitava Kumar.
With an insightful introduction by Khushwant Singh, one of India's foremost literary personalities, this is the definitive survey of a lively modern scene(less)
Moreover, a clear exposition is given of public service, fundamental issues in Indian Administration, Centre-State relations, financial administration, State administration, district administration, role of special agencies, state services, planning at the district level, Local Self-government including urban and recent thinking on Local Self-government. The last Chapter illustrates a clear picture of the summary of the Administrative Reforms Commission(less)
Each Decade In The History Of Hindi Films Has Had At Least One Kapoor,If Not More,Playing A Large Part In Defining It. Never Before Have Four Generations Of This Family,Or Five, If You Include Bashesharnath Kapoor, Prithviraj Kapoor's Father, Who Played The Judge In Awara,Been Brought Together In One Book.
The Kapoors Details The Professional Careers And Personal Lives Of Each Generation,Box-Office Successes And Failures, The Ideologies That Informed Their Work, The Larger-Than-Life Kapoor Weddings And Holi Celebrations, Their Extraordinary Romantic Liaisons And Family Relationships, Their Love For Food And Their Dark Passages With Alcohol. Based On Extensive Personal Interviews Conducted Over Seven Years With Family Members And Friends, Madhu Jain Goes(less)
However, anyone who loves Indian food can enjoy these authentic recipes.Azmina Govindji discusses what you can do to reduce the risk of diabetes for yourself and your family.
She highlights the good points about Indian cuisines, as well as focuses on portion control and weight management, healthy cooking methods and what to have when you're eating out(less)
In Gods, Demons And Others, He Includes Stories From Kalidasa S Sanskrit Classic Abhijnana Shakuntalam, The Tamil Epic Silappadikaram, The Shiv Purana And The Devi Bhagwatam(less)
The main challenge is to provide economic and social opportunities to people by streamlining economic policies. Market forces alone cannot determine economic future.
Each country determines and draws a road map for economic reforms that would be based on its own skills, resources, strengths and vulnerabilities(less)
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